Thursday, October 14, 2010

Just a little knowledge on Carbohydrates!

There are three different things that make up carbohydrates; Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, and Polysaccharides. Monosaccarides are "single sugars" three things in monosaccarides are ribose, galactose, and fructose. Disaccarides are "two sugars" and include sucrose, maltose, and lactose. Polysaccarides include starches. Carbohydrates are made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. All carbohydrates have 4 calories per gram. Insulin in the body allows glucose to be removed from the blood and moved into the cells to be stored as glycogen. There are three types of complex carbohydrates, starch, glycogen, and cellulose. Starch is found in plants and is made up of many glucose units linked together. Starch is the energy storage form of carbohydrates. Glycogen is found in the muscle and livers of animals. The amount of glycogen in animals tissue at the time of slaughter does affect the pH of meat. Cellulose helps plants keeo their shape, it acts like a plant skeleton. Cellulose is unable to digestm however it is one of the important components of fiber!

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